29 August 2016

Best 5 Linux Distributions 2016 Namaku Tux


I’ve been used Linux for the very first time in my PC was in 2007. My first Linux distribution was Mandriva One 2007. Now, Linux has been 25 years old. There are so many improvement have been reached by its community. There are huge changes and today we could meet Linux in almost every devices, from our personal computer, into our smartphones (yes, Android is a Linux).

Also, talking about Linux desktop, there are bunch of Linux distros exists today –though, based on some statistics, Linux desktop still get very little portion in personal computer market share. There are new Linux distro born, and there are some legendary Linux distro, sadly became unmaintained. 

From my personal point of view, I have my own criteria about ‘a perfect’ Linux distro. First and the most important is usability. Second, the speed. And the last criteria is the look and feel. Here are my own, subjective list of ‘The Best Linux Distribution in 2016’ :

1. Ubuntu MATE
Ubuntu MATE is the newest Ubuntu family. It uses MATE desktop, the continuation of the legendary, most used, old GNOME 2 desktop environment. I have not much to say about this Linux distribution. This is the easiest, simplest, yet fast Linux distribution I’ve ever used.

2. Xubuntu
For years, I almost never gave this distribution a serious treat. For long time, I was completely satisfied by GNOME 2 and never dig XFCE desktop deeper. Until there is a little, but very brilian invention in XFCE community called Whisker Menu. Suddenly, I deeply fallen in love with Xubuntu and use it as default distribution in my laptop. 

3. Lubuntu
For years, I have sought the fastest but easiest Linux distro and at the end I found Lubuntu. It is the Ubuntu family with LXDE desktop that perfectly fulfill the need of speed and usability. I use it in my old computer and works just perfect. 

4. Ubuntu
This Debian based distribution has been the most used Linux distro, based on Distrowatch statistic. But, since the 11.04 version, Ubuntu made a controversial, brave decision to switch its desktop environment, from ‘vanilla’ or pure GNOME into its own desktop environment called Unity Desktop.  Since that, lots of fans criticized and abandon this distribution.

Surprisingly, Unity desktop has been better and so much better. As the Ubuntu launched 12.04 (precise pangolin) version, Unity desktop has been slowly well accepted and personally, I love the way Unity desktop works. Though it is not the so fast Linux distribution, I have to say that Ubuntu with Unity desktop is one of the most easy to use, elegant Linux distribution.

5. Debian XFCE
Debian is the living ancestor of bunch of modern Linux distributions. This is the one of the oldest major Linux distribution that still existed until today and still widely adapted. Personally, I love this distribution. This is fast, stable, and has large software repositoy. There are some Debian spin-off, just like Ubuntu, and I love Debian XFCE because it’s so simple, fast, and easy to use.

How To Install GIMP 2.6.12 On Ubuntu 16.04 Xenial Xerus


GIMP 2.8 is good, but personally I have some issue with it and I still prefer GIMP 2.6 instead. Sadly, I’m not yet understand how to do some Linux programming to fork GIMP 2.6 into another app with different name. Fortunately, there is still a way to install old GIMP 2.6.12 onto new Ubuntu 16.04 Xenial Xerus.

Here are the tips to safely install GIMP 2.6.12 on Ubuntu 16.04 Xenial Xerus and I’ve successfully tested it onto my Ubuntu 16.04.1 LTS Xenial Xerus.

STEP 1 : INSTALL THE DEPENDENCY
First, install the dependency for GIMP 2.6.12 called libwebkitgtk-1.0-0 :
sudo apt-get install libwebkitgtk-1.0-0

STEP 2 : USE PRECISE REPOSITORY
  • Change your sources.list repository from xenial into precise :
    sudo gedit /etc/apt/sources.list
  • Replace all ‘xenial’ word to ‘precise’
  • Update your apt : sudo apt-get update
  • Last, install the package : sudo apt-get install gimp

UPDATE ISSUE
After you’ve successfully install GIMP 2.6.12, revert your sources.list back from precise to xenial, and NEVER DO AUTO UPDATE. Otherwise, your precious GIMP 2.6.12 will be automatically updated to the 2.8 version.

CONFLICT ISSUE
  • If you have had GIMP 2.8 installed on your system, you must remove the packages along with its dependencies :
    sudo apt-get remove libbabl-0.1-0 libgimp2.0 gimp-data
  • After that, you can repeat the step 1. Good luck.

How To Install GIMP 2.6.12 On Ubuntu 16.04 Xenial Xerus


GIMP 2.8 is good, but personally I have some issue with it and I still prefer GIMP 2.6 instead. Sadly, I’m not yet understand how to do some Linux programming to fork GIMP 2.6 into another app with different name. Fortunately, there is still a way to install old GIMP 2.6.12 onto new Ubuntu 16.04 Xenial Xerus.

Here are the tips to safely install GIMP 2.6.12 on Ubuntu 16.04 Xenial Xerus and I’ve successfully tested it onto my Ubuntu 16.04.1 LTS Xenial Xerus.

INSTALL THE DEPENDENCY
First, install the dependency for GIMP 2.6.12 called libwebkitgtk-1.0-0 :
sudo apt-get install libwebkitgtk-1.0-0

USE PRECISE REPOSITORY
  • Change your sources.list repository from xenial into precise :
    sudo gedit /etc/apt/sources.list
  • Replace all ‘xenial’ word to ‘precise’
  • Update your apt :sudo apt-get update
  • Last, install the package :sudo apt-get install gimp
UPDATE ISSUE
After you’ve successfully install GIMP 2.6.12, revert your sources.list back from precise to xenial, and NEVER DO AUTO UPDATE. Otherwise, your precious GIMP 2.6.12 will be automatically updated to the 2.8 version.

CONFLICT ISSUE
  • If you have had GIMP 2.8 installed on your system, you must remove the packages along with its dependencies :
    sudo apt-get remove libbabl-0.1-0 libgimp2.0_2.8.16-1ubuntu1_i386 gimp-data
  • After that, you can repeat the step 1. Good luck.

02 May 2016

How To Easily Install / Upgrade MATE Desktop 1.14 in Ubuntu MATE 16.04 LTS (Xenial Xerus)


In 8 April 2016, MATE Desktop 1.14 has been released. Based on Ubuntu MATE website, this version brings some improvement, such as follows :

  • Improved GTK+3 support across the entire MATE Desktop.
  • Full GTK 3.20 support in all MATE themes.
  • Client Side Decorated applications render correctly in all themes.
  • Completely ported MATE System Monitor and Mozo to GTK+3 only.
  • Touchpad configuration now supports edge and two-finger scrolling independently.
  • Python extensions in Caja can now be managed separately.
  • All three window focus modes are selectable.
  • MATE Panel now has the ability to change icon sizes for menubar and menu items.
  • MATE NetSpeed Applet has been merged into the MATE Applets package.
  • MATE Terminal support VTE 2.91 API when built for GTK+3.
  • Volume and Brightness OSD can now be enabled/disabled.
  • Translations are updated. Thank you to our team of translators!

Unfortunately, Ubuntu MATE 16.04 didn't bring MATE Desktop 1.14 because of release cycle issue. But thankfully, we can install MATE Desktop 1.14 on Ubuntu/Ubuntu MATE 16.04 LTS (Xenial Xerus) by using Linux Mint 18 official repository.

These are the steps :
1. Put Linux Mint 18 repository into your sources.list
sudo pluma /etc/apt/sources.list
add these address at the below of your sources.list :
deb http://packages.linuxmint.com/ sarah backport

2. Update your apt database
sudo apt-get update

3. Install the MATE desktop components
sudo apt-get install mate-applets mate-backgrounds mate-control-center mate-desktop mate-icon-theme mate-indicator-applet mate-media mate-menu mate-netbook mate-notification-daemon mate-panel mate-polkit mate-power-manager mate-screensaver mate-session-manager mate-settings-daemon mate-system-monitor mate-terminal mate-user-guide atril caja caja-extensions-common caja-gksu caja-open-terminal caja-sendto caja-wallpaper marco mate-utils mozo

4. And now, we have MATE 1.14 on Ubuntu / Ubuntu MATE 1.14 Xenial Xerus LTS.

16 February 2016

How To Easily Download Youtube Subtitle/Caption in Linux

Youtube is now become a major, most viewed, free video streaming website in the universe. It is complete, mobile, and rich featured, including subtitle/caption. And then, there is a simple question, how to download Youtube subtitle/caption in Linux?

Apparently, there is an application called Google2SRT. It is officialy a Ms. Windows application, but thanks to the developer it's built with Java so it's mobile and could be ran in any other operating system using JVM (Java Virtual Machine).

For the sake of ease, I've been 'ported' the application into Linux (.deb), and could be easily installed in any Debian based Linux distribution. Here are the steps to install :

1. Download the package HERE.
2. Install the dependency : sudo apt-get install icedtea-plugin
3. Install the package : sudo dpkg -i google2srt_0.7.4_all.deb
4. Just copy and paste the Youtube URL, press Go.